|BIRTH & DEATH||Allen was born in 1599 in Flittwick or Westoninge Parish, Bedfordshire, England[1,2] and died in Lynn, Essex co., MA on 17 March 1690/1 as "Bread, Allin, Sr."; he was 91[2,3]. Torrey says that he was born in 1601 and died in 1692, but these years have been corrected in later research.|
|OCCUPATION||Like his father, Allen was a Yeoman.|
|MIGRATION||Breed Family histories claim that Allen and family arrived with the Governor Winthrop Fleet in 1630, sailing on the Arabella; leaving Southampton, England on 29 March 1630 and arrived in Salem, Essex co., MA on 12 June 1630. However, this is not proven and neither Allen's name, nor that of any of his family members, are found on any extant passenger list. As such, this contention is no longer accepted and the status of Allen Breed & family's migration is currently unknown.|
|RESIDENCES & REAL ESTATE DEALS||
Allen was established in Saugus[t], Essex co., MA (which was renamed "Lin" or Lynn in 1637)
by 1638. He was a farmer and received a land grant of 200 acres in the general distribution of the
six-mile land grant of Lynn, MA that year. This rather large grant indicates that he had
contributed a great deal of money towards the settling of the town (£50 for him and £50 each for three
of his sons). The western part of Summer Street in Lynn, Essex co., MA is still known
as "'Breed's End" and "Breed Square".
In 1640, he was one of the investors and first settlers of Southampton, Long Island, NY (along with John Cooper, Edward Howell, Josiah Stanbury, Henry Walton, William Harcher, John Farrington, Thomas Sayre, Daniel Howe, Job Sayre, George Webb, Thomas Halsey, Philip Kertland, Thomas Paddington, Thomas Terry, Edmund Needham, Edmund Farrington & Thomas Newhall). He moved there for several years to help establish the colony and had returned to Lynn by 9d:5m(July):1645, when he was a witness in Salem Court[1,6,7].
Upon his return to Lynn, Essex co., MA, Allen began to buy up property in the Lynn area. On 1d:8m(October):1648, Robert Keyne of Boston sold property to "Allen Bread of Lynn, yeoman". This property was the farm of Mr. Benjamin Keyne, which he had purchased of Mr. Thomas Cobbitt of Lynn, Essex co., MA "teacher of the church there...on condition that Allen pay unto Robert Keyne £10 in wheat, pease or barley, at the current price, or in cattle, as appraised by indifferent men, one to be chosen by Robert Keyne, them to be paid in Charlestown, to such as Tobert shall appoint; if the pay be made in cattell, they to be paid at the farm of Robert Keyne at Rumney Marsh, the first £10 to be paid the first day of the 2nd month 1648, and 20 more pounds in the following manner, viz: 10 pounds in merchantable corn or cattell or good bills that Robert shall accept of, to any of the shops in Boston, to be paid in such English goods as said Robert shall make choice of at or before the 1st day, 2nd month 1649 next following; and if the pay be income, then to be paid at the current price, delivered at his home in Boston or at the farm at Rumney Marsh; if in cattell, then at the farm...the last 10 to be paid unto Mr. Thomas Cobbett of Lynn, as the portion of Theophilus Sheppard, when he comes of age of 21, and the said farm being engaged in the purchase by Mr. Benjamin Keyne, to be security with himself for the true payment of that said 50 pounds; I do bind and engage myself and my farm, to pay the aforesaid 50 pounds unto Robert; his heirs, or unto Mr. Thomas Cobbett of Lynn; If the said Robert shall so appoint, according to the conditions mentioned in the said bill of engagement of Mr. Benjamin Keyne to Mr. Cobbett. Lastly, it is agreed, that whereas William Clark of Lynn, thacher, is also to enter upon the farm of Benjamin Keyne and jointly purchased with Allen Bread, ... only William Cleark hath his liberty of free choice within one year's trial, to refuse or accept the said purchase; If he agrees then he is bound with Allen Bread as above." Witnesses Phillip Kertland, Petter Mary[?] Signed John Person, William Cleark." [8,9]
On 16d:1m(March):1648, Allen Bread took over the rights of John Person; with Pearson's name struck out of the above deed and Allen's put in its stead. The witnesses to this change were Joseph How, and Edward Hall[8,10].
Attached to the above deed is another deed from Thomas Cobbett, the teacher of the church of Lynn "... for 3 score pounds, 50 of which to be paid unto Theophilus Sheppard ... the other 10 to me by Mr. Benjamin Keyne of Boston... I have sold him the farm which was given to me by the town...200 acres, bounded by the farm given to Mr. Whiting, plus 20 acres; plus 10 acres of salt marsh given by the town in the last division...all of which I sold to Benjamin Keyne and his heirs. Signed 22 September 1641, witnessed by Richard Keyne, Elizabeth Cobbitt and the mark of John Denison"[10,11].
On 6 February 1653, Captain Robert Keyne of Boston, for himself and his heirs, as also by virtue of a letter of attorney from his son, Benjamin Keyne, late of Lynn, deeded to Allen Bread...for 4 score pounds paid by Allen Bread. Witnesses Mary Bridges and Katherine Hunt[12,13].
On 6 August 1688, Allen Bread, Senior of Lynn, "in consideration of a valuable sum of money in hand paid to my satisfaction by Joseph Breed of Lynn" sold to Joseph Breed 4-1/2 acres, bounded by said Allen Breed, John Ballard and Nathaniel Ballard, and land to the old ferry and to the mill. Witnesses were Thomas Ivory, Jr., Thomas Burrage, and Lois Bligh[12,14].
On 13 December 1689, Allen Breed, Sr. "for divers good causes, especially that he is my Grand Child and hath disbursed money upon my estate and manageth all my works for me, done and performed for me by my Grandchild Allen Bread Tertius of Lyn...wheelwright, do acquit the said Allin Bread Tertius,...all he owes me" Witnesses were Jeremiah Shepard, John Browne, Recorded 29 June 1691[12,14].
|MARRIAGE #1||On 14 November 1622 when Allen was 23, he first married Elizabeth WHEELER, daughter of Thomas WHEELER & Rebecca [surname not known], in Pullohill, Bedfordshire, England [2,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27]. Torrey says that they were married in "Pulloxhill", clearly just a variation on "Pullohill".|
|CHILDREN||9.||i.||Allen BREAD, Jr.||Please see his own page.|
||10.||ii.||Elizabeth BREAD||Elizabeth was born on 26 Jul 1626/1627 in Westoninge Parish, Bedfordshire, England and died before 1676; she was 49. Elizabeth married William MERRIAM who was born circa 1624 in Twedley, Kent, England.|
||11.||iii.||Timothy BREAD||Timothy was born in 1630 in Westoninge Parish, Bedfordshire, England.|
||12.||iv.||Joseph BREAD||Joseph was born in 1632 in Lynn, Essex Co., MA.|
||13.||v.||John BREAD||John was born on 26 December 1634 in Lynn, Essex Co., MA and died in Lynn, Essex co., MA on 28 June 1678; he was 43 as "Bread, John". John took the Oath of Freeman on 18 April 1691 . John first married Sarah HATHORNE who died circa 22 November 1676 in Lynn, Essex co., MA as "Bread, Sarah, w. John". John second married Sarah HART.|
In 28d:1m (March):1656 when Allen was 57, he second married Elizabeth LEE,
in Lynn, Essex co., MA[2,29,27,23,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40] as "Bread, Allen, sr.
and Eliza Knight". Elizabeth was born in 1607 or 1609 in England. In a 1635 deposition,
she gives her age as 26 (born in 1609); but in a 1666 deposition, she says that she is
59 (birth year 1607). Elizabeth died sometime after 10d:2m (April):1661; she was
54. On that date, she is named in the settlement of William Knight's estate, but is not
named in Allen Breed's settlement in 1681, so had probably died by then.
Elizabeth migrated on the James, Mr. John May, master, embarking from London for New England on 19 June-13 July, 1635. She was 26 and travelled with her first husband, William, 32 and their two older children; Hester, aged 2 and John, aged 1.
|GENERATION||Great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great (G8) Grandfather (Joseph)|
|GENERATION||Great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great (G9) Grandfather (Samuel)|
|FAMILY NUMBER||1808 and 4048|
1. The Essex Genealogist,
Lindberg, Marcia Wiswall "The Breed Family-Descendants of Allen Breed (or Bread) of Lynn,",
[Lindberg-Breed], 11,#4[November 1991]:198.
2. Torrey, Charles, New England Marriages Prior to 1700., (Boston: New England Historic and Genealogical Society). [Torrey].
3. Lynn, Essex co., MA Vital Records, [LynnVR], II:432.
4. Howard, Loea Parker, The Beginning of Reading and Lynnfield Massachusetts, (1937), [Howard], 5.
5. Lewis, Alonzo, & James Newhall, History of Lynn, Essex County, Mass., including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant, 16219-, (Lynn: George C. Herbert, ), [Lynn Hist.], 193-196.
6. Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts, 1636-1686, 9 volumes, (Salem 1911-1975), [EQC], 1:79.
7. Ibid. I:79.
8. Essex co., MA Deeds, [EssexDeeds or ELR], II:107.
9. [Lindberg-Breed], 11,#4[November 1991]:198-9.
10. Ibid. 11, #4[November 1991]:199.
11. [EssexDeeds or ELR], II:108.
12. [Lindberg-Breed], 11,#4[November 1991]:200.
13. Essex co., MA Deeds, [EssexDeeds or ELR], II:108.
14. Ibid. 9:10.
15. Sumner, Edith (Bartlett), Ancestry of Edward Wales Blake and Clarissa Matilda Glidden with Ninety Allied Families, (Los Angeles, 1948), [Blake-Glidden], 259.
16. New England Historic and Genealogical Register. Vols. 1+, (Boston: New England Historic and Genealogical Register, 1845+), [NEHGR], 59:221.
17. The American Genealogist, [TAG], 14:2.
18. DeForest, Louis Effingham, Our Colonial and Continental Ancestors: The Ancestry of Mr. and Mrs. Louis William Dommerich, (New York, N.Y.: The DeForest Publ. Co., 1930), [DommerichChart], 54.
19. Essex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 1+, (Salem, Mass., 1859+), [EIHC], 40:149.
20. Howell, George Rogers, The Early History of Southampton, L.I., New York, 2nd ed., (Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons Co., 1887), [Southampton], 423.
21. The Essex Antiquarian, (13 vols.)(n.p., 1897-1909), [EssexAnt], 11:145.
22. Williams, C.B., Ancestry of Lawrence Williams, (Chicago: privately printed, 1915), [Williams (#16)], 57,58.
23. [Lynn Hist.], 115.
24. Snow, Nora Emma, The Snow-Estes Ancestry, 2 vols., (Hillburn, N.Y.: privately printed, 1939), [Snow-Estes], 1:249.
25. Parke, Nathan Grier, The Ancestry of Lorenzo Ackley and His Wife Emma Arabella Bosworth, (Woodstock, Vt., 1960), [Ackley-Bosworth], 52.
26. Stevens, E.D., and DuBois, L.D., The Ancestors of Courtlandt Palmer Dixon Palmer Dixon and His Wife Hannah Elizabeth Williams of Stonington, Conn., Containing also a List of Their Descendants, (n.p.: Dixon Assoc., 1927), [Dixon-Williams], 28.
27. Frost, Josephine C., Ancestors of Henry Rogers Winthrop and His Wife Alice Woodward Babcock, ([New York?], 1927), [Winthrop-Babcock], 67.
28. [TAG], 52:1-4.
29. Savage, James A., A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, 1860-1862., (Boston 1860-1862; rpt Baltimore 1955), [Savage], 1:241.
30. The Register of the Lynn Historical Society, Lynn, Mass., (Lynn, Mass., 1897+), [Lynn Hist. Soc.], 1906:86, 1914:35.
31. Dwight, Benjamin W., The History of the Descendants of John Dwight of Dedham, Mass., 2 vols., (New York: John F. Trow & Son, 1874), [Dwight], 1108.
32. [Williams (#16)], 58.
33. [EssexAnt], 9:155; 11:145; 12:140.
34. Preston, Mary Isabella, Bassett-Preston Ancestors; a History of the Ancestors in America of Marion Bassett Luitweiler, Howard Murray Bassett, Preston Rogers Bassett, Isabel Bassett Wasson, and Helen Bassett Hauser, Children of Edward M. and Annie (Preston), (New Haven: The Tuttle Morehouse & Taylor Co., 1930), [Bassett-Preston], 18.
35. [DommerichChart], 45.
36. [DommerichChart], 20.
37. [NEHGR], 53:201.
38. Lawrence, Ethel Viola, Tripp Family with Collaterals, ([East Northfield?, Mass.], 1948), [Tripp (1948)], 54.
39. Farlow, Charles Frederic, Ballard Genealogy: William Ballard (1603-1639) of Lynn, Massachusetts and William Ballard (1617-1689) of Andover, Massachusetts and Their Descendants, (Boston: C. H. Pope, 1911), [Ballard], 16.
40. [LynnVR], II:55 [Ct. R.].
41. Coldham, Peter Wilson, The Complete Book Of Emigrants, (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing co., Inc., 1987), [Coldham], 150.
42. [Lindberg-Breed], 11,#4[November 1991]:201.
43. Ibid. 11, #4[November 1991]:201-2.
44. [EIHC], 50:151.
45. [Snow-Estes], 1:422.
46. The Mayflower Descendant, vols. 1-34, Bowman, George Ernest, ed., (Boston: Mayflower Society, 1899-1937), [MD], 3:185.
47. [LynnVR], II:432 [Ct. R.].
48. Page, Lucius R., List of Freemen of MA, 1630-1691., [Page-Freemen], III:10-12.
49. [Newhall(1882)], 32.
50. Salem, Essex co., MA Vital Records. [SalemVR]
51. [Newhall(1882)], 20,32.
52. [LynnVR], I:60 [Ct. R.].
53. Ibid. II:436 [G.R. 1].
54. [EQC], 6:400; 7:158.
55. [Lindberg-Breed], 11,#5:31-2.
56. Ibid. 11, #5:31.
57. [LynnVR], II:134 and II:55.
58. [EssexAnt], 9:47, 143; 11:146.
59. [EIHC], 18:233, 235-6.
60. [LynnVR], I:145 [Ct. R.].
61. Ibid. II:438.
62. Ibid. I:61 [Ct. R.].
63. Wyman, Thomas Bellows, The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 2 vols., (Boston: D. Clapp and Son, 1879), [Charlestown], 1:120.
64. [LynnVR], II:439.
65. Ibid. II:438 [P.R. 6].
66. Ibid. II:62.
67. [Newhall(1882)], 48.
68. [Snow-Estes], 2:66.
69. [EIHC], 45:52.
70. [EssexAnt], 11:148.
71. Bosson, Jennie (Hood), John Hood of Lynn, Mass., (Salem: Essex Institute, 1909), [Hood], 4.
72. Topsfield Historical Society, The Historical Collections of, vols. 1+, (Topsfield, Mass.: The Society, 1895), [Topsfield Hist. Soc.], 14:96.
73. [LynnVR], II:55.
74. Ibid. I:196.
75. Ibid. I:61.
76. [Newhall(1882)], 44.
77. Ibid. 43.
78. Ibid. 25, 43.
79. Ibid. 43-44.
80. Ibid. 46.
81. [LynnVR], II:436 [P.R. 5].
82. [EIHC], First Book of Intentions of Marriage in the City of Lynn, 16:71ff.
83. [Newhall(1882)], 25,46.
84. Ibid. 45.
85. Ibid. 25, 45.
86. Ibid. 55.
87. Ibid. 55, 52.
88. Ibid. 56.
89. [Lindberg-Breed], ???:165.
90. [LynnVR], II:56.
91. [Newhall(1882)], 44-5.
92. Ibid. 25.
93. [LynnVR], II:438 [P.R. 5].
94. Ibid. II:437 [P.R. 5].
95. Ibid. II:62 [C.R. 1].
96. Ibid. II:263.
97. Ibid. I:62.
98. [Newhall(1882)], 46,48.
100. [LynnVR], I:68.
101. [Newhall(1882)], 45,55.
102. [LynnVR], II:264.
103. Ibid. I:67.
104. Ibid. II:433 [G.R. 1].
105. [EIHC], Waters Newhall Listings, #323 (under her motherıs listing), v. 18, pp. 259-260.
106. [Newhall(1882)], 56,102.
107. Ibid. 102.
108. [EIHC], Waters Newhall Listings, #315, v. 19, p. 52.
110. [Newhall(1882)], 55, 56.
111. [EIHC], Waters Newhall Listings #728, v. 48 p. 320.
112. [LynnVR], I:65.
113. Ibid. II:434 [C.R. 5 and P.R. 53].
114. [Newhall(1882)], 59.
115. [LynnVR], I:66.
116. Ibid. II:435.
117. Lynn Historic Society Genealogies, [LHSG], VI, #20.
118. [LynnVR], I:269 [C.R. 1].
119. Ibid. I:66 [as the correct ³Hannah Breed² entry-dated 30 May 1731].
120. Ibid. II:540 [C.R. 1].
121. Ibid. II:257 [P.R. 125] (three entries on this same page).
122. Ibid. II:58 [The correct entry under ³Breed, Hannah².
123. Ibid. I:269.
124. Ibid. II:540.
125. Ibid. II:257.
126. Ibid. II:434 [C.R. 1 and P.R. 53].
127. Ibid. II:435 [P.R. 2].
128. Ibid. I:74.
129. Ibid. II:436.
130. Ibid. I:64.
131. Ibid. I:70.
132. Ibid. II:434.
133. Ibid. II:264 [C.R.1].
134. [Newhall(1882)], 143.
135. [LynnVR], I:278.
136. Ibid. II:263 [C.R.1].
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