(circa 1538 - 1585/6) - Hawkhurst & Rolvendon, Kent, England

(Third Generation - Cushman Family)


BIRTH & DEATH Thomas was born circa 1538 in Rolvenden, Kent, England and was buried on 14 February 1585/6 in Rolvenden, Kent, England[3] as "Thomas Cowchman householder buried 14 February".
OCCUPATION & RESIDENCES Thomas was a Husbandman and was called a Householder at the time of his death[3]. In a deposition dated 25 September 1578, Thomas Cowchman of the parish of Rolvenden [co. Kent], having lived there twelve years and before that in the parish of Hawkhurst, aged forty years. (Depositions at Canterbury, 1578)[3] However, there are no Cushman records at Hawkhurst.
ESTATE Thomas' will was written on 10 February 1585/6 and was proven on 12 February 1589/90 by his executrix (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, volume 47, folio 276).

The Will of Thomas Cushman

"To be buried in the churchyard on Rolvinden. To the poor men's box of Rolvinden 2s. To my son Rychard Couchman £10 at the age of one and twenty years. To me younger son Robarte Couchman £10 at the age of one and twenty years. To my daughter Sylvester Couchman £6 13s. 4d. at the age of twenty years or day of marriage. If any of my said children die under age, reversion to the survivors. To my godchild Thomas Bredman 12d. To my godchildren Thomas Colye, Thomas Gabriell, Marion Hasleman, and Jone Couchman a sheep each. If my wife Ellen shall marry again before my children have received their portions, then her husband shall five security to Robert Gybbon for hte payment of the said portions, and if he will not, then my wife shall pay unto the said Robert Gibbon the said portions, and he shall lay it out for the use and profit of my said children, until they be of age to receive it. Residuary legatee and executrix: my wife Ellen. Overseer: Robarte Gibbon. [Signed] Signum Thome Couchman. Witnesses: Robart Gibbon, Leonard Wylson, and Symon Lingen. Proved 12 May 1589 [1589/90] by the executrix." (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, vol. 46, fo. 120.)[3]
MARRIAGE On 18 July 1568 when Thomas was 30, he married Elinor HUBBARD, in Rolvenden, co. Kent, England[3]. Their marriage record is in the Archdeacons' Transcripts of the Parish Registers of Rolvenden, co. Kent, 1560-1612: "1568: July The same Day agayn [xviij] was maryid Thomas Cuchiman and Elynour hubbarde maydin."[3]

CHILDREN 7. i. Alys CUSHMAN Alys was born in 1572 in Rolvenden, Kent, England and died in Rolvenden, Kent, England in 1574; she was 2. She was buried on 9 May 1574 in Rolvenden, Kent, England as "Alys daughter of Thomas Cutchiman"[3]. Alys was baptized in Rolvenden, Kent, England on 20 April 1572 as "Alys daughter of Thomas Cutchman"[3].
8. ii. Sylvester CUSHMAN She was born in 1574 in Rolvenden, Kent, England and was baptized in there on 30 October 1574 as "Sylvister daughter of Thomas Cutchiman"[3]. On 7 November 1593 when Sylvester was 19, she married Stephen EVERENDEN, in Rolvenden, co. Kent, England[4]. Stephen was a Broadweaver[4].
9. iii. Robert CUSHMAN Please see his own page.
10. iv. Margaret CUSHMAN Margaret was born in 1582 in Rolvenden, Kent, England and died in Rolvenden, Kent, England in 1583/4; she was 1. She was buried on 5 February 1583/4 in Rolvenden, Kent, England as "Margaret daughter of Thomas Cuchman"[3]. Margaret was baptized in Rolvenden, Kent, England on 25 March 1582 as "Margaret daughter of Thomas Cuchman"[3].
11. iv. Henry CUSHMAN Henry was born in 1584 in Rolvenden, Kent, England and died in Rolvenden, Kent, England in 1585; he was 1. He was buried on 11 April 1585 in Rolvenden, Kent, England as "Henry son of Thomas Cowchman"[3]. Henry was baptized in Rolvenden, Kent, England on 26 July 1584 as "Henry son of Thomas Cowchman"[3].

GENERATION Great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great (G11) Grandfather
SOURCES 1. New England Historic and Genealogical Register. Vols. 1+, (Boston: New England Historic and Genealogical Society, 1845+), [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:327-8.

2. Ibid. 68:327.

3. Ibid. 68:328.

4. Ibid. 68:329.

5. Anderson, Robert Charles, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633., (Boston: Great Migration Study Project, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995), [GreatMig1620-1633], I:502.

6. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:181, 328.

7. Ibid. 68:330.

8. Bradford, William, Of Plymouth Plantation, 1620-1647, Samuel Eliot Morison, ed., (New York 1952), [Bradford], 45,54,107,125,128,355,361,365,373.

9. From the Visitation Books of the Archdeacon of Canterbury, volume for 1598-1608, part 2, folio 31.

10. From the Roll of the Freemen of the City of Canterbury, printed in Cowper's Freemen of Canterbury, column 183.

11. This translation is reprinted from The Mayflower Descendant, vol 10, p. 193, where may be found also a printed copy and a facsimilie of the original Dutch record, which is entered in the Leyden records. Echt Book B. fo. 64. The record is preceded by words which in the English translation read: "Entered on 19 May, 1617".

12. [Bradford], 180.

13. [GreatMig1620-1633], I:503.

14. Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth..., Alexander Young, ed., (Boston 1844; rpt. Baltimore 1974), [YoungsPilgrimFathers], 255-68.

15. [GreatMig1620-1633], I:502-503.

16. [Bradford], 54.

17. Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, 12 volumes in 10, Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer, ed., (Boston 1855-1861), [PCR], 1:45.

18. Underhill, Lora Altine, Descendants of Edward Small of New England, and the Allied Families, (Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1910), [Small], 688-93.

19. [GreatMig1620-1633], I:503-4.

20. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:331.

21. [PCR], 12:4.

22. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:183.

23. Torrey, Charles, New England Marriages Prior to 1700., (Boston: New England Historic and Genealogical Society), [Torrey].

24. [Riggs, Henry Earle-prob.], The American Ancestors of Margaret Esther Bouton Thom and John Thom, ( [Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., Inc., 1944]), [ThomAncChart], Chart 4.

25. Johnson, Alvin Page, Franklin D. Roosevelt's Colonial Ancestors; Their Part in Making American History, (Boston: Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co., ca. 1933), [RooseveltAnc], 108+.

26. Underhill, Lora Altine, Descendants of Edward Small of New England, and the allied Families, (rev. ed., Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1934), [Small (ed. 2)], 670.

27. Jacobus, Donald Lines, The Waterman Family, 3 vols., (New Haven: E.F. Waterman, 1939-54), [Waterman (1939)], 1:646.

28. Caldwell, Charles T., A Branch of the Caldwell Family Tree: Being a Record of Thompson Baxter Caldwell and His Wife, Mary Ann (Ames) Caldwell of West Bridgewater, Mass., Their Ancestors and Descendants, (Washington, D.C.: The Olympia, 1906), [CaldwellAnc], 12.

29. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:184-5; 72:11.

30. The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vols. 1+, (New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1870+), [NYGBR], 43:294; 47:110.

31. Lineage Books of National Society Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, ([Washington], D.C., 1910), [LBDF&P], 4:167.

32. The Parish Register of St. Alphege, Canterbury, Kent, England. Printed in Cowper's Registers of St. Alphange, p. 113.

33. [Small], 671.

34. Dexter, Henry Martyn and Morton Dexter, The England and Holland of the Pilgrims, (London 1906; rpt. Baltimore 1978), [Dexter], 611.

35. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:183; 15:30,169; 72:12.

36. The Mayflower Descendant, vols. 1-34, Bowman, George Ernest, ed., (Boston: Mayflower Society, 1899-1937), [MD], 10:193.

37. Savage, James A., A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, 1860-1862., (Boston 1860-1862; rpt Baltimore 1955), [Sv or Savage], 1:492.

38. Briggs, Mary Balch, We and Our Kinsfolk. Ephraim and Rebekah Waterman Briggs, their Descendants and Ancestors. With a few Collateral Branches, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1887), [BriggsAnc], 101.

39. [Small (ed. 2)], 672.

40. Plymouth County Probate, [PlymProb].

41. [NEHGR or Reg.], 68:183, 329.

42. From the Parish Register of St. Andrew, Canterbury, Kent, England. This is the only Cushman entry in the registers of the parish of St. Andrew, Canterbury, from 1575 to 1618, inclusive.

43. [PCR], 1:4,21.

44. Ibid. 12:5.

45. Ibid. 12:12.

46. [GreatMig1620-1633], I:503; I:37.

47. [MD], 4:37-42.

48. Cushman, Henry Wyles, A Historical and Biographical Genealogy of the Cushmans, the Descendants of Robert Cushman the Puritan from the Year 1617 to 1855, (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1855), [Cushman], 85.

49. Farwell, John Dennis, Jane Harter Abbott, and Lillian M. Wilson, The Farwell Family, A History of Henry Farwell and His Wife Olive (Welby) Farwell of Boston, England, and of Concord and Chelmsford, Mass., 1605 to 1927, with Twelve Generations of Their Descendants; Also Many Lineages of Allied Families, 2 vols., (Rutland, Vt.: F.H. Farwell, 1929), [Farwell(1929)], 472.

50. Snow, Nora Emma, The Snow-Estes Ancestry, 2 vols., (Hillburn, N.Y.: privately printed, 1939), [Snow-Estes], 1:494.

51. [NYGBR], 43:294.

52. [Riggs, Henry Earle-prob.], The American Ancestors of Margaret Esther Bouton Thom and John Thom, ([Ann Arbor, MI: Edwards Bros., Inc., 1944]), [ThomAncChart], 136, Chart 4.

53. Sumner, Edith Bartlett, Descendants of Thomas Farr of Harpswell, Maine and Ninety Allied Families, (Los Angeles: American Offset Printers, 1959), [Farr Anc.], 12.

54. [Sv or Savage], 1:38,494.

55. [MD], 16:62,63.

56. [NEHGR or Reg.], 1:50; 4:254; 8:270; 68:185; 72:12; 103:220.

57. The Genealogical Advertiser, vols., 1-4, (1898-1901, reprint 4 in 1, Baltimore: Genealogical Publ. Co., 1974), [GenAdv], 2:106.

58. Holman, Mary Lovering, The Scott Genealogy, (Boston, MA: 1919), [Scott (1919)], 90.

59. Pope, Charles Henry, The Pioneers of Maine and New Hampshire, 1623 to 1660, (Boston: C.H. Pope, 1908), [PopesPioneersofMEandNH], 16.

60. Perley, Sidney, The History of Salem, Massachusetts, 3 vols., (Salem: Sidney Perley, 1924), [Salem], 1:233.

61. [BriggsAnc], 102,110.

62. Allerton, Walter Scott, A History of the Allerton Family, (Chicago: S. W. Allerton, 1900), [Allerton (1900)], 30.

63. [RooseveltAnc], 110,115.

64. [Small (ed. 2)], 697,714.

65. Jones, Emma C.(Brewster), Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907, a Record of the Descendants of William Brewster of the "Mayflower", Ruling Elder, Pilgrim Church, which Founded Plymouth Colony in 1620, 2 vols., (New York: The Grafton Press, 1908), [Brewster], 24.

66. Clarke, Mary (Bosworth), Bosworth Genealogy; a History of the Descendants of Edward Bosworth who arrived in America in the Year 1634; with an Appendix containing other Lines of American Bosworths, (San Francisco, 1926), [Bosworth], 382.

67. [GreatMig1620-1633], I:37.

68. [MD], 6:63.

69. [Bradford], 448.

70. [Small], 688.

71. Families of The Pilgrims, (Boston: MA Society of Mayflower Descendants), [FamPil].

72. Jameson, Ephriam Orcutt, The Cogswells in America, ([Boston: A. Mudge & Son], 1884), [Cogswell], 50.

73. [NEHGR or Reg.], 69:156; 72:12; 96:359.

74. [MD], 4:39; 17:224,228.

75. Lewis, Alonzo, & James Newhall, History of Lynn, Essex County, Mass., including Lynnfield, Saugus, Swampscot, and Nahant, 1629-1890, (Lynn: at the bookstore of George C. Herbert, [1890]), [LynnHist (1890)], 121.

76. [Farwell(1929)], 437.

77. [Small], 2:356,678.

78. Tingley, Raymon Meyers, Some Ancestral Lines; Being a Record of Some of the Ancestors of Guilford: Solon Tingley and His Wife, Martha Pamelia Meyers, Collected by Their Son, Raymon Meyers Tingley, (Rutland, Vt.: The Tuttle Publishing Co., 1935), [Tingley-Meyers], 235.

79. [Farr Anc.], 200.

80. [ThomAncChart], 133.

81. [Cushman].

82. Lynn, Essex co., MA Vital Records, [LynnVR], II:174.

83. Smith, Ethel Farrington, comp., Adam Hawkes of Saugus, Mass. 1605-1672., (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1980), [Hawkes (1980)].

84. [LynnVR], II:499.

85. [Hawkes (1980)], 31.

86. Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts, 1636-1686, 9 volumes., (Salem 1911-1975), [EQC], I-VIII.

87. [Hawkes (1980)], 33-34.

88. Lewis, Alonzo, The History of Lynn, Including Nahant, (Boston: Samuel N. Dickinson, second edition, 1844), [LynnHist (1844)], 65.

89. The Probate Records of Essex County, [EssexProb or EPR], #12920 & #12911.

90. [Hawkes (1980)], 46-48.

91. Bodge, George Madison, Soldiers in King Philip's War, (1896), [Bodge], 406.

92. [Hawkes (1980)], 34.

93. [EssexProb or EPR], II:426.

94. Essex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 1+, (Salem, Mass., 1859+), [EIHC], 56:279.

95. [Hawkes (1980)], 37.

96. Ibid. 34-35.

97. Ibid. 36.

98. Ipswich Quarterly Court Records, [IQCR], 24d:7m:1678.

99. [Hawkes (1980)], 36-37.

100. Ibid. 33.

101. Ibid. 32-33.

102. [LynnHist (1844)], 120-121.

103. Ibid. 121.

104. Ibid. 123-124.

105. Ibid. 124-125.

106. Ibid. 127-129.

107. Ibid. 130-131.

108. Ibid. 138-139.

109. Ibid. 148-149.

110. Ibid. 154.

111. [Hawkes (1980)], 41.

112. [LynnHist (1844)], 167.

113. [Hawkes (1980)], 38.

114. Ibid. 38-45.

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